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Table 1 Common symptoms and underlying conditions in patients with cancer that may contribute to misdiagnose VTE

From: Emergency management of incidental pulmonary embolism (IPE)

Chest symptoms Shortness of breath
Chest pain
Pulmonary embolism
Pleural or pericardial effusion
Superior vena cava syndrome
Haemoptysis Anaemia
Infection
Cancer-related asthenia
Drug-related pneumonitis
Radiotherapy lung toxicity
Syncope
Palpitations—tachycardia
Myocarditis
Arrhythmia
Lower and/or upper limb symptoms Oedema Deep vein thrombosis
Lymphoedema
Pain Lymphadenopathy
Superior vena cava syndrome
Cyanosis Inferior vena cava syndrome
Hypoalbuminaemia
Arterial ischaemia